[A meta-theoretical scope model of psychotherapeutic theories. Consequences for human image and therapy in behavior therapy].

  • Robert F. Wagner
  • Published 1995 in Zeitschrift fur klinische Psychologie, Psychopathologie und Psychotherapie

Abstract

Proceeding on the science-theoretical units Handeln, Tun and Verhalten, developed by Groeben 1986 connected with an integration of empirical and hermeneutical investigation, a metatheoretic frame model of psychotherapeutic theories is presented and its relevance for the practice is explained. The model integrates different therapeutic ways with another and lays down an ethic-sequential order of rank for the choice of theories and methods, which orientates itself according to the basic main assumptions (qua assumptions of man-picture) of the different theories. Starting out from the epistemological subject model (Groeben & Scheele, 1977) as another derivation of the model, an embedding of therapeutic action in a therapist-client-relationship is required, which is characterized with mutual structural parallelism. Goal of therapeutic intervention is the re-establishment of Handlungs-capacity of the client, as postulated in the self management approach. Because of its initial behaviouristic tradition especially the behaviour therapy has to struggle with immense image problems concerning its assumptions of man-picture. Up to now a science-theoretical clarification of these problems has only been occurred in dissatisfied approaches. The present work should fill in this desideratum.

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